Le lexique du skateboard


For those beginners who don't understand a single word of the "skateboardian" language, Oxelo has prepared a glossary so you don't get lost in all the skate jargon.

Ollie, Goofy, Curb, Nose… Here are the essentials to remember!




Skateboard: rolling board with two raised edges. It's currently the most widespread board, you see it everywhere: in the streets, outside of schools, and especially at the skatepark!

When skateboarding, there are a few trends that come straight from the street and the skatepark, in aerial sessions in bowls or pools.

Longboard: a longer skateboard than the others. With a stiff board and larger, softer wheels to ensure good grip and speed, this is the ideal board for sensations of speed and sliding.

Skate cruiser: narrow board with no nose that is similar to a longboard, except that it is less bulky and easier to handle. Perfect for urban travel over short distances, the goal is to move through the city, rolling and weaving down the sidewalk with precision.

If you want to know more, read our complete article on the different skateboarding activities.




Skater: a person who skateboards, in this case YOU! ;)

Streeter: skater that practices in the street, whose playground is the urban environment.

Ramp-rider: skater that practices in skateparks during aerial sessions, in bowls or pools

Stance: the position you take on your board (regular, goofy, mongo)

Regular: your left foot goes in front of your right foot, which pushes the board

Goofy: your right foot goes in front of your left foot, which pushes the board

Mongo: the front foot is also the pushing foot.



THE SKATEBOARD (the different parts of the skateboard)

Board: you can also call it the Deck :)

Size: the size of your board

Nose: the front of the skateboard.

Tail: the back of the skateboard. On other words, the opposite of the nose

Concave: a board with a raised nose and tail, specially designed for tricks in the skatepark

Plys: the layers of wood that make up the skateboard

Grip: a sort of sandpaper that covers your board and grips your skate shoes

Wax: a wax often used to slide down a rail




Trucks: where the wheels are attached to your skateboard. Screwed under the board, the trucks support the wheels

Pads: the rubber between the skateboard and the trucks, which cushions shocks when you do tricks

Wheels: an essential part of your skateboard. Without them, your board doesn't roll :-p

Bushing: placed around the axle, this soft plastic part dampens vibrations and protects from impacts

Axle: a screw in the centre of the truck that you can tighten or loosen to play with the board's flexibility when you turn




Trick: the French also say "figure", but trick is 10 times more stylish ;-)

Land: to do and/or master a trick (ex: I finally landed an ollie)

Catch: when you catch your skateboard in the air

Entry: a trick before a slide or grind

Exit: a trick after a slide or grind

Stick: landing on the skateboard after a trick

Spot: the place where you skate

Flat: all of the tricks you do on the ground, without using an obstacle.

O-U-T (or S-K-A-T-E): little skating game where you choose a trick. If someone doesn't manage to do the trick, they get a letter… The skater loses the O-U-T (or the S-K-A-T-E) when the word is complete.

LIP TRICKS: tricks that you do at the top of an obstacle

Vert: short for “vertical”. Skating on a half-pipe




Ollie: THE basis of skating. The aim is simple: to “jump” with your board. If you can master this, you'll be able to move on to the vast majority of tricks. See the ollie video

Fakie: skating backwards on your skateboard

Switch: you push your board with the opposite foot (a regular will skate goofy, and vice-versa)

Backside 180: when you make a half-turn (180°) with the board, turning it towards the inside

Frontside 180: when you make a half-turn (180°) with the board, turning it towards the outside

Pop shove-it: this trick involves rotating the board 180°. See the pop shove-it video tutorial

Varial flip: then you turn the board with a half-turn followed by a kickflip

Nollie: an ollie, but backward. So your foot will hit the nose of your board

Kickflip: this trick involves doing a jump while turning your board along the axis from the nose to the tail, by pressing down on the side. See the kickflip video tutorial

Heelflip: a flip in the opposite direction of a kickflip. So you turn your board in the opposite direction with your heel

Manual (wheel): balancing on your board while rolling on just the rear trucks

Nose-manual (nose-wheel): balancing on your board while rolling on just the front trucks

50-50 grind: The aim here is to slide your board's trucks along a kerb. See the 50-50 grind video tutorial

Noseslide: a trick that involves sliding along a surface with the nose of your board

Tailslide: a trick that involves sliding along a surface with the tail of your board

Boardslide: Sliding your board on the edge of a surface, rail, slide bar…etc. See the boardslide video tutorial

Lipslide: when you do a boardslide by first moving up and over the edge of the surface

360 flip: This trick involves a combination of a 360-degree backside-pop shuvit and a kickflip

Kiss the rail: trick involving just barely sliding on the bar

Gap: jumping over obstacles




Run: a free route in a competition

Copping: a metal part on a half-pipe, a quarter, or a curb where you can grind

Curb: a sort of edge where you can grind and slide

Ledge: a descending curb

Rails: bars where you can have fun sliding with your skateboard

Handrail: a descending rail

Set: a group of stairs

Quarter: located at the far ends of the skatepark, these curves help to learn speed

Bowl: like a round pool, except there is no water and you can find curves there

Half-pipe: also called the "U" and made up of 2 pipes facing each other

Table: the central part of the skatepark.

Pyramid: an obstacle made of 4 slanted faces

Spine: 2 pipes stuck to each other (back to back)

Corner: a quarter of a bowl

Snake: a route made up of little obstacles (half-pipes, corners, etc.) that ends in a bowl